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小麦种植技术

小麦穗白、穗枯为啥打药后经常防治不住?

作者:大丰种业 来源:eventemmalaga.com 日期:2021/1/11 22:50:44 人气:3 评论:0

ZAIXIAOMAIZHONGZHIGUANLISHANG,GUOQUYOUJULAOHUASHUODEHAO:XIAOMAICHIMEIZHENKEPA,BANJIESISUIJIUSHITA,YAOSHIFANGZHIBUJISHI,SIGESUIZISIDIAOSAN。ZHEIJUHUALISHUODECHIMEI,SHUODESHIXIAOMAICHIMEIBING,ZANMENNONGMINPENGYOUYEJINGCHANGBATAJIAOZUOXIAOMAILANSUIBING、XIAOMAILANMAITOUBING,ZHEIZHONGBINGZANMENNONGMINPENGYOUJIBENSHANGSHICHUYUYIZHONGNIANNIANFABINGNIANNIANFANG、NIANNIANDAYAONIANNIANFANGBUZHUDEZHUANGKUANG。

小麦白穗

XIAOMAIBAISUI

YINWEIZHEIZHONGBINGHAIZAIXIAOMAISHANGFASHENGDEFEICHANGPUBIAN,XIAOMAIDEZHENGGESHENGZHANGQINEIDOUKEYISUISHIFABING,YOUQIZAIXIAOMAICHOUSUIYANGHUAQIYUDAOLIANXUYINYUTIANQIHUOTIANJIANSHIDUBIJIAODADEQINGKUANGSHI,CHIMEIBINGDEFABINGQINGKUANGFEICHANGYANZHONG;TONGSHI,XIAOMAICHIMEIBINGZHEIZHONGBINGHAIFABINGSUDUTEBIEKUAI、CHUANRANFANWEITEBIEGUANG、WEIHAIFEICHANGZHONG,GENGJIADALEFANGZHIDENANDU,XIAOMAIFABINGHOUJINGCHANGZAOCHENGDILIDEXIAOMAIMAISUIDAMIANJICHUXIANBAISUI、KUSUI、LANSUIDEXIANXIANG,CONGERZAOCHENGXIAOMAIDAFUDEJIANCHAN。

麦穗枯萎

MAISUIKUWEI

HENDUOSHIHOU,DAJIAZHISUOYIFANGZHIBUZHUXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”ZHEIZHONGXIAOMAIBINGHAI,BUJINYOUQIANQIYUFANGBUDAOWEIDEYUANYIN,YEGENDAYAODEZUIJIASHIJIMEIZHUAZHUYOUGUAN(ZHEIGESHIYAOWUFANGZHIXIAOMAICHIMEIBINGDEGUANJIAN),CHUCIZHIWAI,YAOJIXUANDEDUIBUDUI、DAYAODEFANGFAHELIBUHELIDENGYINSU,YEZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAYAOHOUXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”BINGHAIDEZUIZHONGFANGZHIXIAOGUO。

JINQIYOUNONGMINPENGYOUXUNWENXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”(XIAOMAICHIMEIBING)ZHEIZHONGBINGHAIDEFANGZHIFANGFA,JINTIANNONGJIXIAOBEILOUJIUZHUANMENJIDAJIAZHONGDIANJIESHAOYIXIAXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”(XIAOMAICHIMEIBING)DEZHENGQUEQIEYOUXIAODEFANGZHIGUANLIJIQIAO。

一、小麦“烂麦穗”病害的病害特点与发病条件

ZHANGWOHAOXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”(CHIMEIBING)ZHEIZHONGBINGHAIDEBINGHAITEDIAN、FABINGTIAOJIANYIJIBINGHAIGUILV,SHIBAOZHENGZANMENDAJIACHEDIYOUXIAOFANGZHIXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”ZHEIZHONGBINGHAIDEJICHU。

XIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”(CHIMEIBING)ZHEIZHONGBINGHAI,SHUYUXIAOMAISHANGSHIFENDIANXINGDEWENSHIQIHOUXING、HUAQIQINRANXINGDEZHONGDALIUXINGBINGHAI,TAZAIXIAOMAICONGMIAOQIDAOSUIQIDEGEGEJIEDUANDOUHUIFABING,DANFABINGGAOFENGQIQUESHIZAIXIAOMAIDECHOUSUIYANGHUAQI(YOUQISHIYANGHUAQIQIANHOU),CISHIZHIYAOWENSHITIAOJIANSHIYI,XIAOMAISHANGJIUKENENGSUISHIBAOFALIUXINGBINGHAI。YIBANLAISHUO,ZAIXIAOMAICHOUSUIYANGHUAQIDAOGUANJIANGQISHI,ZHIYAOYUDAOLIANXU2-3TIANYISHANGDELIANXUYINYUTIANQIHUOZHEYUDAODAWULUSHUITIANQISHI,BINGQIEWENDUDADAO15DUYISHANG,NEIMEXIAOMAIJIUJIYOUKENENGFASHENG“LANSUITOU”BINGHAI。QIZHONG,ZUIYOULIYUXIAOMAI“LANSUITOU”ZHEIZHONGBINGHAIFABINGDEWENDUYUSHIDUTIAOJIANSHI:WENDU22-28DU、TIANJIANSHIDU80%JIYISHANG。DANSHI,DANGWENDUGAOYU35DUYISHANGHUODIYU5DUYIXIASHI,HUOZHETIANJIANTURANGBIJIAOGANHANSHI,XIAOMAIZEHENSHAOHUIFASHENG“LANMAISUI”ZHEIZHONGBINGHAI,QIZHONGMEINIANYINYUTIANQIBIJIAODUODE4-5YUEFENQIEZHENGZHIXIAOMAICHOUSUIYANGHUAQISHI,CISHIZUIRONGYICHUXIAN“LANMAISUI”BINGHAIDAMIANJIBAOFALIUXINGDEXIANXIANG。

XIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”ZHEIZHONGBINGHAI,ZAIXIAOMAIDEMIAOQIDAOGUANJIANGQI(YOUQISHICHOUSUIYANGHUAQI)DOUKEYIFABING,RONGYIZAOCHENGSHOUHAIXIAOMAICHUXIANMIAOFU(ZAOCHENGYAHEMIAOFULAN)、JINGJIFU(MIAOZHUGENJIBUBIANHEFULAN,RONGYIZAOCHENGMIAOZHUKUSI)、GANFU(MAISUIXIAFANGDI1-2JIEFULAN,ZAOCHENGXIAOMAIBUNENGCHOUSUIHUOMAISUIHUANGKU)、SUIFU(ZHUYAOFASHENGZAICHOUSUIYANGHUAQI,ZAOCHENGMAISUIBAIKUHUOFULAN)。DANXUYAOZHUYIDESHI:①XIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”BINGHAIWEIHAIXINGZUIDADESHISUIFU;②XIAOMAIZAIFASHENG“LANMAISUI”BINGHAIHOU,ZAITIANJIANSHIDUBIJIAODADETIAOJIANXIA,BINGHAIBUWEIDUOHUICHUXIANYICENGFENHONGSEDEMEICENG,ZAITIANJIANQIHOUBIJIAOGANHANDETIAOJIANXIA,BINGHAIBUWEIHUIZAOCHENGXIAOMAIDEMAISUIFASHENGBAISUI、KUSUI、LANSUIDENGZHENGZHUANG。

ZAIXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”ZHEIZHONGBINGHAIYIFADIKUAISHANG,BOZHONGSHIWEIJINXINGZHONGZIXIAODUSHAJUNHUOTURANGXIAODUSHAJUNDEDIKUAI,HUOZHONGZHIMIDUGUODAERTIANJIANMIBUTOUFENG、GUANGZHAOBULIANGDEDIKUAI,HUODISHIDIWA、TURANGNIANXINGJIAOZHONG、DANFEIYONGLIANGGUODADEDIKUAI,HUOTIANJIANZACAOJIAODUODEDIKUAI、HUOHUAQIZAOYULIANXUYINYUHUOWUMAIJIELUDEDIKUAI,HUOSHIYONGKANGBINGXINGCHAHUOCHENGSHUQIJIAOWANDEPINZHONG,FABINGLVBIJIAOGAO、FABINGCHENGDUBIJIAOZHONG、FANGZHINANDUBIJIAODA。

二、小麦“烂麦穗”病害的防治技巧

ZHIYAOXIAOMAIFASHENG“LANMAISUI”BINGHAIHOU,TAKEYITONGGUOFENGYUKUAISUDIZAITIANJIANDASIMANYANCHUANBOBINGHAI,FANGZHIQILAIBIJIAOKUNNAN。YINCI,YAOXIANGFANGZHI“LANMAISUI”BINGHAI,WOMENJIUBIXUZHANGWOHAOZHEIZHONGBINGHAIDEFANGZHIJIQIAO。

药物防治

YAOWUFANGZHI

1、YAOWUFANGZHIDEGUANJIANQI

XIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”BINGHAIFANGBUZHU,HENDAYIBUFENYUANYINSHIYOUYUZANMENDAYAODESHIJIBUDUI。

CONGDAYAODEZUIJIASHIJISHANGLAISHUO,FANGZHIXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”ZHEIZHONGBINGHAIDEZUIJIASHIJISHIXIAOMAISHENGZHANGDAOQISUIDAOYANGHUAQICHUQI(JUTIYAOKANXIAOMAICHOUSUIYANGHUAQINGKUANGHETIANQIBIANHUA,XIAMIANYOUJIESHAO),ZHEISHIHOUDAYAOFANGZHIBINGHAIDEXIAOGUOZUIHAO。

CONGDAYAODEJIQIAOSHANGLAISHUO,DAYAOFANGZHIXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”ZHEIZHONGBINGHAISHI,ZAIMAITIANZHONGANZHAO“JIANHUAJIUDAYAO”、“QINGTIANJIANHUADAYAO”、“YINTIANJIANMAISUIDAYAO”、“YUTIANQIANGZAIYUQIANDAYAO”DEYUANZEDAYAOFANGZHIBINGHAIDEXIAOGUOZUIHAO,ZAIDAYAOSHININGZAOWUWAN。

CONGDAYAODECISHUYUJIANGESHANGLAISHUO,DIYICIJIANYIZAIDAYAOSHIZUIHAOXUANZEZAIMAISUIJIBENCHOUQIHOULIJIJINXING,DIERCIDAYAOKEYIXUANZEDIYICIDAYAOHOU5-7TIANSHIJINXING,RUGUOYOUXUYAOGE5-7TIANHOUZAIDAYAO1CI。

CONGDAYAODELINGHUOXINGSHANGLAISHUO,YINWEIBUTONGDIQUDEQIHOUHUANJINGBUTONG、XIAOMAIPINZHONGBUTONG、XIAOMAICHOUSUIYANGHUADEZAOWANHEKUAIMANSHIJIANBUTONG,YINCIWOMENDAYAOSHIYAOZHUYILINGHUOYIDIAN。YIBANLAISHUO,ZAIXIAOMAICHOUSUIYANGHUAQIDAYAOSHI,RUGUOCISHITIANQIQINGLANG、WENDUJIAOGAO,CISHIDEXIAOMAIHUICHUYUCHOUSUIYUYANGHUATONGSHIJINXINGDESHENGZHANGZHUANGTAI,SUOYICISHIDAYAODEZUIJIASHIJISHIXIAOMAIQISUISHI;RUGUOCISHITIANQILIANYIN、QIWENJIAODI、GUANGZHAOJIAOSHAO,CISHIDEXIAOMAIHUICHUYUXIANCHOUSUIHOUYANGHUADEZHUANGTAI,SUOYICISHIDAYAODEZUIJIASHIJISHIZAIXIAOMAIGANGKAISHIYANGHUASHI;RUGUOCISHIYUDAOLIANXUYINYUTIANQI,WEILEYUFANGBINGHAIDEFASHENG,ZEXUANZEZAIXIAOMAIJIBENCHOUQISUISHIJINXINGDAYAOZUIHESHI;RUGUOCISHIXIAYUBIJIAOPINFAN,NEIMEWOMENZEYINGDANGJISHIZHUAZHUXIAYUDEJIANXIQICHENJIQIANGSHIXIANDA1CIYAO,DENGDAOTINGYUTIANQIBIANHAOHOUZAIJISHIBUDA1CIYAO。

2、YAOWUXUANZEDEJIQIAO

YAOWUXUANZEDESHIFOUJUYOUZHENDUIXING、SHIFOUHUICHANSHENGYAOWUKANGXING,YEZHIJIEJUEDINGZHEYAOWUFANGZHIXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”HOUDEXIAOGUOHAOHUAI;TONGSHIFANGZHIXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”BINGHAIDESHIJIANZHENGCHUYUXIAOMAIHUAQIHEYUSHUIJIAODUODESHIQI,SUOYIYINGDANGXUANZEDIDUXING、GAOXIAOXINGQIEYAOWUHUOXINGQIANG、SHENTOUXINGJIAOQIANG、NAIYUSHUAXINGJIAOQIANG、YAOXIAOCHIXUQIJIAOZHANGDEYAOWU。

ZHENGCHANGLAISHUO,DAJIAZHANGQISHIYONGQIEYIJINGCHANSHENGYAOWUKANGXINGDEDUOJUNLING、JIAJILIUJUNLINGJIQIFUPEIDEYAOWUJINLIANGBUYAOZAISHIYONGLE,ZHANGQIDANYISHIYONGMOUZHONGYAOWUDEDIQUYEYINGDANGGENGHUANQITAYOUXIAOYAOWUSHIYONG,JIANYIDAJIAZAISHIYONGYAOWUFANGZHIXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”BINGHAISHI,RUGUOXUYAODAYAOLIANGCIYISHANG,JIANYIMEICIDOUXUANYONGBUTONGDEYAOWUSHIYONG,ERQIEZAIYONGYAOSHIJINLIANGXUANZEFUPEIXINGDEYAOWUSHIYONG,ZHEIYANGKEYIDAFUTIGAOBINGHAIDEYAOWUFANGZHIXIAOGUO。

ZAIYAOWUDEXUANZESHANG,DAJIAKEYIGENJUZIJIDEYONGYAOXIGUANCANKAOSHIYONGYIXIAJIZHONGYAOWUHUOHANYOUZHEIXIEYAOWUCHENGFENDEFUPEIYAOJI,RUWUZUOCHUN、QINGXIJUNZHI、FUZUOJUNXIANQIANGAN、BINGLIUJUNZUO、MIXIANAN、WUZUO•MIXIANAN、WUZUO•SAIMEITONG、QINGXI•WUZUOCHUN、ZUOMI•FUHUANZUO、BINGLIU•WUZUOCHUN、JIALIU•JIZUOCHUN、BINGZUO•WUZUOCHUN、MITONG•FUHUANZUO、ZUOMI•WUZUOCHUN、BINGHUAN•FUMEISHUANG、BINGHUAN•MIXIANAN、BENJIA•MIXIANANDENG。

3、TIANJIANDAYAODEJIQIAO

DAYAODEFANGFA,YEYINGXIANGZHEYAOWUFANGZHIXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”BINGHAIDEFANGZHIXIAOGUO。

WEILETIGAOYAOWUFANGZHIDEXIAOGUO,ZANMENDAJIAZAIDAYAOSHIYAOZHUYIYIXIAJIDIAN:①DAYAOSHIJINLIANGXUANZEWUHUAXINGBIJIAOHAODEPENTOU;②DAYAOSHIZUIHAOTIANJIAYIXIEKEYITIGAOYAOYEZHANFUXING、BUZHANXING、SHENTOUXINGDEZHUYAOJI;③DAYAOSHIYAOZHUYIPENWUJUNYUN、BUZHONGBULOU;④DAYAOHOURUGUO6-8GEXIAOSHINEIFASHENGJIANGYU,YINGDANGZAITINGYUQINGTIANHOUJISHIJIANSHAOYONGYAOLIANGJISHIBUPEN1CI。

三、有效预防小麦“烂麦穗”病害的管理技巧

1、XUANYONGKANGBINGXINGJIAOQIANGDEMAIZHONG

XUANYONGKANGBINGXINGJIAOQIANGDEPINZHONGSHIYUFANGXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”BINGHAIZUIYOUXIAO、ZUISHENGQIANDEFANGFAZHIYI。RANERYIMUQIANLAISHUO,ZANSHIMEIYOUNENGGOUWANQUANMIANYIXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”BINGHAIDEXIAOMAIPINZHONG,DANBUSHISHUOSUOYOUDEXIAOMAIPINZHONGDOUBUKANGZHEIZHONGBINGHAI。

YIBANLAISHUO,CHOUSUIZHENGQI、QISUISHIJIANJIAODUAN、YANGHUAQIJIAOKUAI、SUIWEIGAODUJUNYUN、GUANJIANGSUDUKUAIDEXIAOMAIPINZHONG,ZAIXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”BINGHAIDEFABINGLV、FABINGCHENGDUYIJISHOUHAICHENGDUSHANXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO、JIAOQINGYIXIE。

2、BOZHONGQIANYIDINGYAOJINXINGYAOWUBANZHONG

ZAIXIAOMAIBOZHONGQIAN,JIANYIDAJIAJINLIANGDUIZHONGZIJINXINGYAOWUJINBANZHONGXIAODUSHAJUNCHULI,BIRUSHUOSHIYONG2.5%GEJUNJING、50%FUMEISHUANGHUOQITAYAOWU。

3、CONGNONGYEGUANLISHANGFANGZHI

WEILEBUDANWUDAJIAGENGDUODESHIJIANQUYUEDU,ZAICINONGJIXIAOBEILOUZHIJIDAJIASHUOZHONGDIAN:①DUIBOZHONGDIJINXINGSHENGENGMIECHACHULI;②HELIDIAOZHENGBOZHONGQI,SHIXIAOMAICHOUSUIYANGHUAQIBIKAILIANXUYINYUTIANQI;③YUHUASHENG、SHUCAI、DADOUDENGBUYIFASHENGXIAOMAI“LANMAISUI”BINGHAIDEZUOWUJINXINGLUNCHAZHONGZHI;④JINLIANGJINXINGJINGLIANGBOZHONGHUOHELIZHONGZHIMIDU,YUFANGFENNIEQUNTIGUODA、TIANJIANSHIDUGUODAERJIAZHONGBINGHAI;⑤CETUPEIFANGSHIFEI,BIMIANGUOLIANGSHIYONGDANFEI,BUMENGUOWANZHUIFEI;⑥XIAOMAICHOUSUIYANGHUAQIJINLIANGSHAOJIAOSHUIHUOSHIDUKONGSHUI,BAOCHITIANJIANTURANGSHIDUGANZAO。⑦XIAOMAIZAICHENGSHUHOUYINGDANGJISHISHOUGE,ZAICHUZANGQIANYINGDANGYAOBAXIAOMAIZILIXIANLIANGSHAIHONGGAN,YUFANGYINZILISHIDUGUODAERZAOCHENGBINGJUNFANZHICHUANRAN。

    标签:小麦穗白
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