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行业资讯

粮食安全 国之大者——2021年一号文件独家解读

作者:大丰种业 来源:eventemmalaga.com 日期:2021/2/23 9:09:23 人气:0 评论:0

解读关键词:

管理安全 价格安全 种子安全 耕地安全 供给安全 运输安全

LIANGSHIANQUANSHIZHONGSHIGUANXIWOGUOGUOMINJINGJIFAZHAN、SHEHUIWENDINGHEGUOJIAZILIDEQUANJUXINGZHONGDAZHANLVEWENTI。BAOZHANGWOGUOLIANGSHIANQUAN,DUISHIXIANQUANMIANJIANSHEXIAOKANGSHEHUIDEMUBIAO、GOUJIANSHEHUIZHUYIHEXIESHEHUIHETUIJINSHEHUIZHUYIXINNONGCUNJIANSHEJUYOUSHIFENZHONGYAODEYIYI。ZAOZAI2020NIAN7YUE,ZONGSHUJILAIDAOSUYOU“HUANGJINYUMIDAI”HE“DADOUZHIXIANG”MEIYUDESONGLIAOPINGYUAN,CHAKANNONGZUOWUZHANGSHI,LEJIELIANGSHISHENGCHANDENGQINGKUANG,DUIZHUAHAOLIANGSHISHENGCHAN、QUEBAOLIANGSHIANQUANTICHUXINYAOQIU、ZUOCHUXINBUSHU。JINRUSIJIDUZHIHOU,LIANGSHIANQUANHUATIGENGSHICHENGWEILEYIGECHANGGUIDEZHENGCEXINGHUATI:

文件主要内容

文件主要内容

文件主要内容

2021NIAN2YUE21RI,《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANG GUOWUYUANGUANYUQUANMIANTUIJINXIANGCUNZHENXINGJIAKUAINONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUADEYIJIAN》,JI2021NIANZHONGYANGYIHAOWENJIANFABU。WENJIANZHICHU,MINZUYAOFUXING,XIANGCUNBIZHENXING。YAOJIANCHIBAJIEJUEHAO“SANNONG”WENTIZUOWEIQUANDANGGONGZUOZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG,BAQUANMIANTUIJINXIANGCUNZHENXINGZUOWEISHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEYIXIANGZHONGDARENWU,JUQUANDANGQUANSHEHUIZHILIJIAKUAINONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUA,RANGGUANGDANONGMINGUOSHANGGENGJIAMEIHAODESHENGHUO。ZUOWEI21SHIJIYILAIDI18GEZHIDAO“SANNONG”GONGZUODEZHONGYANGYIHAOWENJIAN,JINNIANDEMUBIAORENWUFEICHANGMINGQUE:2021NIAN,NONGYEGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGESHENRUTUIJIN,LIANGSHIBOZHONGMIANJIBAOCHIWENDING、CHANLIANGDADAO1.3WANYIJINYISHANG,SHENGZHUCHANYEPINGWENFAZHAN,NONGCHANPINZHILIANGHESHIPINANQUANSHUIPINGJINYIBUTIGAO,NONGMINSHOURUZENGZHANGJIXUKUAIYUCHENGZHENJUMIN,TUOPINGONGJIANCHENGGUOCHIXUGONGGU。NONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUAGUIHUAQIDONGSHISHI,TUOPINGONGJIANZHENGCETIXIHEGONGZUOJIZHITONGXIANGCUNZHENXINGYOUXIAOXIANJIE、PINGWENGUODU,XIANGCUNJIANSHEXINGDONGQUANMIANQIDONG,NONGCUNRENJUHUANJINGZHENGZHITISHENG,NONGCUNGAIGEZHONGDIANRENWUSHENRUTUIJIN,NONGCUNSHEHUIBAOCHIHEXIEWENDING。GUOWUNONGBUWEN,MINWULIANGBUAN,LIANGSHICHANYESHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGDEJICHU。QUEBAOGUOJIALIANGSHIANQUAN,BAZHONGGUORENDEFANWANLAOLAODUANZAIZIJISHOUZHONG,TEBIESHIZAIXINGUANFEIYANYIQINGYINFADEGUOJILIANGSHISHICHANGCUNZAIBUQUEDINGXINGXINGSHIXIA,QUEBAOLIANGSHIJIZHONGYAONONGCHANPINYOUXIAOGONGJI,SHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGDETIZHONGYINGYOUZHIYI。

ZHENGSUOWEILIANGSHIANQUANSHIZHANLVEWENTI、SHIGUOZHIDAZHE,ZUOWEIYIHAOWENJIANDEZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG,LIANGSHIANQUANWOMENKEYIXIFENWEIGUANLIANQUAN、JIAGEANQUAN、ZHONGZIANQUAN、GENGDIANQUAN、GONGJIANQUAN、YUNSHUANQUAN。

管理安全:实行粮食安全党政同责

WENJIANDIQITIAO——TISHENGLIANGSHIHEZHONGYAONONGCHANPINGONGJIBAOZHANGNENGLI。DIFANGGEJIDANGWEIHEZHENGFUYAOQIESHIKANGQILIANGSHIANQUANZHENGZHIZEREN,SHIXINGLIANGSHIANQUANDANGZHENGTONGZE。SHENRUSHISHIZHONGYAONONGCHANPINBAOZHANGZHANLVE,WANSHANLIANGSHIANQUANSHENGZHANGZERENZHIHE“CAILANZI”SHIZHANGFUZEZHI,QUEBAOLIANG、MIAN、YOU、TANG、ROUDENGGONGJIANQUAN。“SHISIWU”SHIQIGESHENG(ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHI)YAOWENDINGLIANGSHIBOZHONGMIANJI、TIGAODANCHANSHUIPING。JIAQIANGLIANGSHISHENGCHANGONGNENGQUHEZHONGYAONONGCHANPINSHENGCHANBAOHUQUJIANSHE。

JIEDU:JI“SHENGZHANGZERENZHI”JINYIBUQIANGHUAXIHUA,JIANGBAOKUOLIANGSHIANQUANYIJICAILANZIZHUCENGLUOSHI,MINGQUEYAOQIUGEDIFANGZHENGFUCHENGDANXIANGYINGDEANQUANZHENGZHIZEREN,KEGUANSHANGYEFANYINGCHULEGUOJIACENGMIANDUIYULIANGSHIANQUANDEZHONGSHICHENGDU,YICILAIQUEBAOLIANGYOUDENGXIANGYINGCHANPINDEGONGJIANQUAN。TONGSHIYEMINGQUEQIANGDIAOLEZAIWENDINGBOZHONGMIANJIDEJICHUSHANG,JINYIBUTISHENGDANCHANSHUIPING,YICILAIBAOZHANGKOULIANGDEANQUANGONGYING,BAOGONGWENJIA。

价格安全:让种粮有合理收益

TONGYANGSHIZAIDIQITIAOJIANSHEGUOJIALIANGSHIANQUANCHANYEDAI。WENDINGZHONGLIANGNONGMINBUTIE,RANGZHONGLIANGYOUHELISHOUYI。JIANCHIBINGWANSHANDAOGU、XIAOMAIZUIDISHOUGOUJIAZHENGCE,WANSHANYUMI、DADOUSHENGCHANZHEBUTIEZHENGCE。SHENRUTUIJINNONGYEJIEGOUDIAOZHENG,TUIDONGPINZHONGPEIYOU、PINZHITISHENG、PINPAIDAZAOHEBIAOZHUNHUASHENGCHAN。GULIFAZHANQINGZHUYUMIDENGYOUZHISICAOSILIAO,WENDINGDADOUSHENGCHAN,DUOCUOBINGJUFAZHANYOUCAI、HUASHENGDENGYOULIAOZUOWU。JIANQUANCHANLIANGDAXIANZHICHIZHENGCETIXI。KUODADAOGU、XIAOMAI、YUMISANDALIANGSHIZUOWUWANQUANCHENGBENBAOXIANHESHOURUBAOXIANSHIDIANFANWEI,ZHICHIYOUTIAOJIANDESHENGFENJIANGDICHANLIANGDAXIANSANDALIANGSHIZUOWUNONGYEBAOXIANBAOFEIXIANJIBUTIEBILI。

JIEDU:CIXIANGNEIRONGHEXINFEICHANGMINGQUE——BAOZHANGLIANGNONGDESHOUYI,RANGZHONGLIANGYOUHELIDESHOUYI。ZHENDUIBUTONGPINZHONGTONGGUOZUIDISHOUGOUJIA、BUTIEYIJIBAOXIANDENGDUOZHONGFANGSHIZUIDACHENGDUDEBAOZHANGLIANGNONGDEHELISHOUYI。

种子安全:打好种业翻身仗

WENJIANDIBATIAO——DAHAOZHONGYEFANSHENZHANG。NONGYEXIANDAIHUA,ZHONGZISHIJICHU。JIAQIANGNONGYEZHONGZHIZIYUANBAOHUKAIFALIYONG,JIAKUAIDISANCINONGZUOWUZHONGZHIZIYUAN、CHUQINZHONGZHIZIYUANDIAOCHASHOUJI,JIAQIANGGUOJIAZUOWU、CHUQINHEHAIYANGYUYESHENGWUZHONGZHIZIYUANKUJIANSHE。DUIYUZHONGJICHUXINGYANJIUYIJIZHONGDIANYUZHONGXIANGMUJIYUZHANGQIWENDINGZHICHI。JIAKUAISHISHINONGYESHENGWUYUZHONGZHONGDAKEJIXIANGMU。

JINRI,NONGYENONGCUNBUWANGZHANFABULE《NONGYENONGCUNBUBANGONGTINGGUANYUGULINONGYEZHUANJIYINSHENGWUYUANSHICHUANGXINHEGUIFANSHENGWUCAILIAOZHUANYIZHUANRANGZHUANYUDETONGZHI》,GULINONGYEZHUANJIYINSHENGWUYUANSHICHUANGXIN,YINFASHEHUIGUANZHU。DUICI,ZHANGTAOLINZAIFABUHUISHANGHUIYINGCHENG,FABU《TONGZHI》BENSHENSHIYIGECHANGGUIXINGGONGZUO,TIXIANYISHOUZHUACHUANGXIN、YISHOUZHUAJIANGUAN,LIANGSHOUDOUYAOYINGZHEIYANGDEGONGZUOYAOQIU。

“WOGUODUIZHUANJIYINDEFANGZHENSHIYIGUANDE、MINGQUEDE,JIUSHIYANJIUSHANGJIANCHIZIZHUCHUANGXIN、TUIGUANGYINGYONGSHANGQUEBAOANQUAN、GUANLISHANGYANGEJIANGUAN。”ZHANGTAOLINZHICHU,NONGYEZHUANJIYINJISHUSHIXIANDAISHENGWUYUZHONGDEYIGEZHONGYAOFANGMIAN,YESHIFAZHANZUIKUAI、YINGYONGZUIGUANGFANDEXIANDAISHENGWUJISHU。GENJUTONGJI,ZI1996NIANPIZHUNZHUANJIYINSHENGWUSHANGYEHUAZHONGZHIYILAI,QUANQIUZHONGZHIZHUANJIYINZUOWUYIJINGLEIJIDADAO400DUOYIMU,29GEGUOJIAYOUZHONGZHIZHUANJIYINZUOWU,LINGWAIHAIYOU40DUOGEGUOJIAHEDIQUJINKOUZHUANJIYINNONGCHANPIN。

JIEDU:JIEHEWOMENGUOJIAZHONGYEYUFADANONGYEGUOJIADECHAJU,QIANGDIAOZHONGYEFAZHANDEZHONGYAOXING,ZAIWENDINGBOZHONGMIANJIDEQIANTIXIA,ZHONGYEFAZHANJIANGSHIWEILAILIANGSHICHANLIANGWENBUZENGZHANGDEZUIDABAOZHANG。

耕地安全:采取“长牙齿”的措施

WENJIANDIJIUTIAO——JIANJUESHOUZHU18YIMUGENGDIHONGXIAN。TONGCHOUBUJUSHENGTAI、NONGYE、CHENGZHENDENGGONGNENGKONGJIAN,KEXUEHUADINGGELEIKONGJIANGUANKONGBIANJIE,YANGESHIXINGTUDIYONGTUGUANZHI。CAIQU“ZHANGYACHI”DECUOSHI,LUOSHIZUIYANGEDEGENGDIBAOHUZHIDU。

JIEDU:BAOZHANG18YIMUDEGENGDIHONGXIANYIZHISHIJINNIANLAIWOGUONONGYEFAZHANDEZHONGYAOGONGZUOZHIYI,ZHEZHONGQIANGDIAOLEYAOJIANJUEEZHIGENGDI“FEINONGHUA”、FANGZHI“FEILIANGHUA”。TONGSHIWENJIANHAIQIANGDIAOZAI2021NIANHAIYAOJIANSHE1YIMUHANLAOBAOSHOU、GAOCHANWENCHANDEGAOBIAOZHUNNONGTIAN,ZUIZHONGSUOQUDEDESHOUYIYONGYUGAOBIAOZHUNNONGTIANDEJIANSHE,YICILAIQUANMIANTISHENGGAOBIAOZHUNNONGTIANJIANSHEBUFA。

供给安全:农产品进口多元化

ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI2020NIAN,GUONEIXIANHUOSHICHANGBUFENDIQUYOUQISHIGONGYINGCHENGXIANCHUGONGYINGJIAOWEICHIJINDEJUMIAN,JIAZHIJIAGEBUDUANZOUGAODAOZHICHENGBENBUDUANPANSHENG,GUWUJINKOUYEYINCIZAI2020NIANCHUANGXIALEJINJINIANDEGAODIANJILU。HUIGU2020NIANGUWUJINKOUSHICHANG,QUANNIANYUMIJINKOUZONGLIANGGAODA1129.40WANDUN,TONGBIZENGZHANG135.77%,ZAOZAISIJIDUCHUQIJIUYIJINGTUPOLE720WANDUNDEPEIEXIANZHI;GAOLIANGJINKOU481.36WANDUN,TONGBIZENGZHANG486.93%;DAMAIJINKOU808.0WANDUN,TONGBIZENGZHANG36.33%;XIAOMAIJINKOU815.16WANDUN,TONGBIZENGZHANG154.00%。KEYISHUOQUANNIANDEGUWUJINKOUJIAO2019NIANCHENGXIANCHULEYIGEJUFUZENGZHANGDETAISHI,ERCONGMUQIANDEJINKOUXINGSHILAIKAN,2021NIANDEGUWUJINKOUHUOJIANGJINYIBUZENGZHANG,CONGNIANCHUMEIGUONONGYEBUGONGBUDEXIAOSHOUBAOGAOLAIKAN,LIANXUDANZHOUCHAOBAIWANDUNDEDINGDANYIJINGYUSHIZHEJINNIANDEYUMIJINKOULIANGJIAO2020NIANDETIANLIANGJILUHUOJIANGYOUGUOERWUBUJI。QIECONGHUANANDIQUDEGUWUJINKOUQIYEHUOXI,BAOKUOGAOLIANG、DAMAIYIJIXIAOMAIDENGNENGGOUZUOWEINENGLIANGYUANLIAOTIDAIYUMIDEGUWUJINKOULIANGZAIJINNIANRENGJIANGSHIYIGETIANLIANGDEJIBIE——YIHUOCHAOGUO14/15NIANDUQIJIANGUWUJINKOUDEJILU。ZUIJINUSDAGONGBUDEXIANGGUANBAOGAOXIANSHI,QIDUIYUJINNIANGUONEIDUIYUSHANGSHUGUWUDEJINKOULIANGYETONGYANGSHIYIGEJIAOGAODEYUQI(RUXIATU)。LINGJUWAIDIAN2YUE18RIXIAOXI,MEIGUONONGYEBU(USDA)ZHOUSIZAIQINIANDUZHANWANGLUNTANSHANGBIAOSHI,MEIGUONONGHUJIANGZAI2021NIANZHONGZHI1.82YIYINGMUYUMIHEDADOU,WEIYOUSHIYILAIZUIGAOSHUIPING。ZHONGZHONGJIXIANGBIAOMING,XINDENIANDUGUONEIYUMIYIJIGUWUDEJINKOULIANGDOUJIANGJINYIBUZENGZHANG,HUOJIANGCHUANGXIAWUFAYUYUEDELISHIGAODIAN。

JIEDU:ZAIGUONEIYUMISHICHANGZHENGTIGONGYINGPIANJIN,LIANGYUANLIUTONGBUCHANGDEDAQIANTIXIA,JIAGEXIANGDUIPIANDIDEJINKOUGUWUJIANGSHIXIANJIEDUANDUIYUGUONEIYUMISHICHANGZAINEIDENENGLIANGYUANLIAOZUIWEIYOUXIAODEBUJITONGDAO。JINKOUGUWUDEDALIANGYONGRU,YILAIKEYIYOUXIAOHUANJIEGUONEIYUMISHICHANGQUYUXINGGONGYINGJINZHANGDEZHUANGTAI,ERLAIYOUNENGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIANGDIQIYEDEYUANLIAOCHENGBEN,BAOZHANGZHENGGECHANYELIANYOUXUJIANKANGDEFAZHAN。

运输安全——改善农村物流体系

JIAKUAIWANSHANXIANXIANGCUNSANJINONGCUNWULIUTIXI,GAIZAOTISHENGNONGCUNJIDIWULIUJICHUSHESHI,SHENRUTUIJINDIANZISHANGWUJINNONGCUNHENONGCHANPINCHUCUNJINCHENG,TUIDONGCHENGXIANGSHENGCHANYUXIAOFEIYOUXIAODUIJIE。CUJINNONGCUNJUMINNAIYONGXIAOFEIPINGENGXINHUANDAI。

“粮食安全”下的玉米产业链发展——粮食要用在刀刃上

QUEBAOGUOJIALIANGSHIANQUAN,HAIXUYAOQIANGHUAZHENGCEBAOZHANG,FUZHIYILI、FUZHIYIYI。CIQIANNONGYENONGCUNBUJIUCENGBIAOSHIJIANGHUITONGYOUGUANBUMENJINYIBUYASHIDIFANGDANGWEIZHENGFUDEYIWUHEZEREN,QUEBAOLIANGSHIBOZHONGMIANJILUODI,TONGSHIWANSHANZHONGLIANGNONGMINBUTIEZHENGCEHELIANGSHIZHUCHANQULIYIBUCHANGJIZHI,DIAODONGNONGMINZHONGLIANGHEDIFANGZHENGFUZHONGNONGZHUALIANGDEJIJIXING。

DANJIUYUMIBENSHENLAISHUO,CONGBOZHONG、TIANJIANGUANLI、SHOUGEYIJIDAOMAOYILIUTONGDENGGEGEHUANJIEDOUJIANGSHOUDAOSHISHANGZUIWEIYANGEDEJIANGUAN,YICILAIBAOZHANGLIANGSHICONGZHONGDAOSHOUDAOJINRUXIAYOUNAIZHIYUBAIXINGDECANZHUODERENHEYIGEHUANJIEDOUNENGGOUBAOZHENGWUYIZHIYONG,DUJUELIUSHI、FEIBIYAODESUNHAOYIJILANGFEIDENGDENG,ZHEIXIEDUIYUMIZHENGGECHANYELIANDEFAZHANLAISHUODOUJIANGSHIBAILIERWUYIHAIDE,YOUQISHIZAIDANGXIAYUMISHICHANGGONGXUJIEGOUXIANGDUIPIANJIN,LIANGYUANLIUTONGXIANGDUIBUCHANGDEDAHUANJINGXIA,DUJUELANGFEIJIUSHIZENGJIAGONGJI,JIUSHIZAIWEIZHENGGECHANYELIANZUOGONGXIAN。

PAOKAIZHENGCEDAOXIANG,CONGZHONGZHISHOUYIJIAODULAIKAN,CHUQUGEBIESHOUZAIDIQUYINSHOUGECHENGBENZENGJIADAOZHIZHONGZHISHOUYIXIANGDUIPIANDIZHIWAI,DADUOSHUDIQUDELIANGNONGZAIJINNIANJUNSHIZHONGZHISHOUYIZHE,YUMIDEJIAGEJIAOCHANGGUINIANFENSHENZHISHUOZUIGAODENIANFENJUNCHENGXIANCHUDAFUDEZENGZHANG,JIBIANSHIZAIDIZU、ZHONGZI、HUAFEIYIJINONGYAODENGXIANGGUANCHENGBENSHANGZHANGDEQIANTIXIA,ZHENGTIDEZHONGZHISHOUYIYIRANSHIDAFUZENGZHANG。DANCONGZHEIYIDIANCHUFA,XINJIYUMIDEZHONGZHIMIANJIZAIGAOSHOUYIYUQIDEQUSHIXIASHIBIHUICHUXIANYIDINGFUDUDEZENGZHANG。

ZONGDELAIKAN,21SHIJIYILAIDI18GEZHIDAOSANNONGDEYIHAOWENJIANZHEZHONGZHEZHONGQIANGDIAOLELIANGSHIANQUANDEZHONGYAOXING,“XUQIUCEGAIGE”BEIRENWEISHI2021NIANSHISIWUKAIJUZHINIANDEZHONGTOUXI,QIZHONGYAOXINGKENENGBUYAYU5NIANQIANTICHUDE“GONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGE”。ERNEIWAISHUANGXUNHUANDEXINSILUXINGEJUYEYIBEIBEIXIERU《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUANYUZHIDINGGUOMINJINGJIHESHEHUIFAZHANDISHISIGEWUNIANGUIHUAHE2035NIANYUANJINGMUBIAODEJIANYI》。ZOUYINEIXUNHUANWEIZHUDESHUANGXUNHUANDAOLU,SHIGENGSHENCENGCIGAIGEHEGENGGAOCENGCIKAIFANGDEBIRANLUJING。JIEHEYUMICHANYELIANLAISHUO,ZAIWANCHENGQUKUCUNRENWUZHIHOU,YUMICHANYEDEXUQIUBIANJIYIRANZHUBUXIANXIAN,NEIMERUGUOZUOHAOYUMICHANYEDEXUQIUCEGAIGEJIANGSHIYUMICHANYELIANJIANKANGFAZHANDEGUANJIANYINIAN。

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